Jun 22, 2015

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Vendor’s Problem

-By Pranjal Srivastava

Problems faced by vegetable/fruit mobile vendors



Vending has been a profession since time immemorial, with street vendors an integral part of our urban history and culture. Shopping and marketing, in a traditional Indian sense, has primarily been informal. Social interaction is integral to Indian markets in contrast to the mechanized and sterile concept of shopping favoured by modern market and super market structures.

Vendors exhibit remarkable entrepreneurial skills. Purchasing of commodities is no easy task with constant market fluctuations. Besides, middlemen have a major say in the wholesale markets. Commodities have to be in sync with both consumer tastes and paying capacity. As most vendors deal in perishables, the goods have to be sold at the right time.

The largest concentration of vendors is in the age group 16-35 years. It indicates that vending involves enormous physical labour. A vendor starts early in the morning with the day’s purchase. The marketing place is invariably far from his residence.

Bringing large sacks of vegetables and fruits and loading them in a rickshaw cart is a tedious job. Arranging, cleaning, sorting, weighing and dealing with customers is not easy. Hawkers are on the move from one lane to another irrespective of the heat, wind, rain and cold. Calling out loud to attract buyers, consumes time and energy.

Static vs. Mobile vendors

All the markets had static and mobile vendors – just over half the vendors in the survey were mobile. Most of the mobile vendors used a lari, a trolley on four bicycle wheels, usually 1.5m x 1.1m in size . Often one person will own and rent out several laris. In fact, the laris are ubiquitous. These are flexible and easy to move with the display, but they are quite large for the amount displayed, and are thus a constraint to achieving a compact trading layout.

Types of mobile vendors

The mobile vendors can be of different types. There are those who sell their wares on push carts. These are the comparatively better off sections because they are able to get a wider variety of the products they sell, such as vegetables, fruits etc. The stationary vendor on the other hand, may have lower sales because s/he has constraints of space.

At the same time, there are other sections of mobile vendors that are worse off than the other vendors. These are the women who carry their wares in baskets on their heads. Some of them may be fish sellers, but most of them sell vegetables. The limited size of the basket restricts the mount of goods that can be carried for sale.





Process of Vending:



The vendors contribute a lot to the economy of the nation which is shown as below:



Existing Method and Challenges:


a)    Tiredness

b)   Braking

c)    Turning Mechanism

d)   Blisters on hand

e)   Long Exposure to sun and impact of rain

f)     Water Drainage

g)    Affordability


Sr. No Method Picture Challenge
1 Normal Vending  cart  Untitled  (a),(b),(c),(d),(e),(f)
2 Tricycle Vending Cart Untitled  (a),(c),(g)
3 MotorizedVending Cart Untitled (a),(c),(e),(g)



4 Molded polymer vegetable cart Untitled (a),(b),(c),(e)

Existing Solutions

  1. Vending Cart Design by Ajay Goga

The system can be adopted to three spatial configurations based on the need and market space. It has an inbuilt storage system to store the raw materials conveniently and makes it easier for vendor to carry the cart with less effort. It also proves to be cost effective with ease of use and functionality.



The proposed design explores a simple folding technique and a solution to spatial problems that are confronted by vendors in the current markets.


This is the final Prototype.



2) Modified handcart with steering mechanism and brakes:



It’s idea to make life easier for street vendors who use hand-carts. They face the problem when they have to turning it. They have to lift and rotate the loaded cart about the front wheels. Incorporating easy steering mechanism and brakes to make turning hand-carts easy and arrest slide on inclines respectively.


  1.  http://www.thedesignquest.com/post.php?id=9097
  2. http://nif.org.in/innovation/modified_hand-cart-with-steering-mechanism-and_brakes/681




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